NEET Exam Pattern 2024

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is an essential examination for aspiring medical students in India. It serves as the gateway for admission into various undergraduate medical and dental courses offered by colleges across the country. NEET Exam 2024 evaluates the candidates’ knowledge in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

To excel in the NEET exam 2024, it is crucial to understand the NEET exam pattern 2024 and make strategic preparations. As per the NEET exam pattern, three subjects will be asked in the exam namely, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Each subject will account for 50 questions from two sections. Section A will have 35 questions and Section B will have 15 questions as per NEET 2024 exam pattern.

For students looking for graduate and post-graduate medical and dentistry programmes, the National Testing Agency (NTA) in India administers the NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). It covers MBBS and BDS courses that both private and public colleges offer. The NEET exam 2024 has a one-tiered scoring system. Candidates aspiring for admission to medical or dental colleges should resort to the NEET exam pattern 2024 for effective preparations. To make it more convenient and cater to students’ diverse backgrounds, the NEET Exam 2024 is also conducted in 13 other regional languages, including English and Hindi.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Overview

The NEET Exam has successfully taken over the position of the AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical Test) for medical school admissions. In addition, the Supreme Court has decided that the only criteria for admission to universities across the nation that offer graduate and postgraduate-level medical programmes are NEET marks.

Additionally, NEET has replaced entrance exams administered by JIMPER and AIIMS as the sole exam required for candidates seeking admission to undergraduate medical programmes in the nation.

Aspirants should be familiar with the NEET exam pattern 2024 and NEET syllabus 2024 to effectively prepare for the test. The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, or NEET, is an offline test with a 3-hour, 20-minute time limit. 180 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology must be answered out of a total of 200 questions (Botany and Zoology).

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Overview
Exam Name National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
Conducting Body National Testing Agency
Mode of the examination Offline
Duration of the exam 3 hours and 20 minutes
Total Questions 200 out of which 180 questions will have to be answered
Total Marks 720 Marks
Question Type MCQs
Marking Scheme
  • +4 marks for each correct answer
  • -1 for each incorrect answer
Marking Scheme 13 (English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi and Urdu
Official website

NEET Exam Pattern 2024

The National Medical Commission (NMC) set forth the NEET-UG syllabus 2024. This course outline will serve as the foundation for the NEET 2024 question paper. Every section/subject in NEET 2024 will have a choice in Section “B,” per the NTA’s decision. As a result, the NEET exam pattern 2024 is divided into two parts. Each subject contains two sections:

  • 35 Questions in Section A
  • 15 Questions in Section B

Candidates could attempt any 10 of the 15 questions that were included in Section B. As a result, there are still the same amount of questions overall.

An additional 20 minutes were added this time, bringing the total time for NEET-UG 2024 to 200 minutes. Only the first 10 tested questions from section B will be evaluated if a candidate attempts more than 10 questions.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024
Sr.No Subject(s) Section(s) No.Of Question(s) Mark(s)(Each Question Carries 04(Four)Marks) Type Of Question(s)
35 140 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions).
15 40
35 140
15 40
35 140
15 40
35 140
15 40
- - TOTAL MARKS 720 -

NEET Exam Pattern 2024, Marking Scheme

The NEET 2024 examination will consist of a total of 200 multiple-choice objective-type questions, out of which candidates are required to answer 180 MCQs. The NEET exam 2024 will be graded on a total of 720 marks. Each subject is divided into two sections: Section A and Section B.

Section A comprises 35 questions, while Section B contains 15 questions. Within Section B, candidates need to answer 10 questions. The question papers will be based on the syllabus of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology from classes 11 and 12.

Candidates will receive 4 marks for each correct answer, and there will be a deduction of 1 mark for every incorrect answer. It is important to note that once the answers are marked on the NEET OMR sheet, they cannot be changed.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024, Marketing Scheme
SI.NO. Subject No. of Questions Total Marks
1 Physics section A:35 + Section B:10(15 provided 10 to be answered)=45 180
2 Chemistry section A:35 + Section B:10(15 provided 10 to be answered)=45 180
3 Zoology section A:35 + Section B:10(15 provided 10 to be answered)=45 180
4 Botany section A:35 + Section B:10(15 provided 10 to be answered)=45 180
Total 180 720

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Marking System

The NEET marking scheme 2024 is as below:
  • Each question has 4 marks.
  • For each question, the right response earns 4 marks.
  • For each wrong response, 1 mark is deducted.
  • If more than one option is determined to be accurate after a key is challenged, any/all of the highlighted multiple correct possibilities will receive 4 marks.
  • If a question is not attempted or answered, no marks are given.
  • 4 marks will be given to everyone who attempted the question if all of the options are determined to be accurate.
NEET Marking System
Response Type Marks awarded
Correct answer +4
Incorrect answer -1
Question with more than one response -1
Unanswered question 0
Extra attempted question 0

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 and Total Marks

A maximum of 720 marks are required for the NEET exam 2024, which consists of 180 questions worth a total of 4 marks each. Parts A and B represent a recent modification to the NEET format.

  • Section A: Under Section A, 35 questions are asked for Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, and Botany. This part has no choice; students must respond to every question. Sections A and B both have negative markings. A total of 140 marks—35 times 4—can be earned in this section.
  • Section B: Out of the 15 questions offered, candidates may attempt any 10 of them. Only the first 10 questions a candidate attempts will be considered if they have attempted more than 10.
  • The maximum number of points that may be earned in this segment is 40, or 10*4 points. Thus, each section—Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Zoology—can be passed with a total score of 140 + 40 = 180. Each of the 180 marks for the Physics, Chemistry, and Biology sections is combined with the 360 marks for Biology.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Weightage Of The Topics

The candidates can refer to the section below to understand the NEET weightage of topics for all subjects.

NEET Physics Topic Distribution

NEET Physics should be prepared to keep the topic-wise weightage in mind. This weightage is deduced by considering the exam analysis for the previous years. The table below can be referred to know about the subject-wise topic weightage.

NEET Physics Topic Distribution
Unit NEET Physics Topic Wise Weightage
Physical World and Measurement 2%
Kinematics 7%
Laws of Motion 7%
Work, Energy and Power 4%
System of Particles and Rotational Motion 4.50%
Gravitation 4.50%
Properties of Bulk Matter 9%
Oscillations and Waves 7%
Thermodynamics 4.50%
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 2%
Electrostatics 4%
Current Electricity 9%
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 7%
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 4%
Electromagnetic Waves 2%
Optics 4.50%
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 4%
Atoms and Nuclei 7%
Electronic Devices 7%

NEET Chemistry Topic Distribution

There are three sections in the NEET Chemistry sections namely, Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The candidates are advised to refer to the subject-wise topics below for precise preparation.

NEET Chemistry Topic Wise Distribution
Physical Chemistry
Chapter No. of Questions
Solid state 2
States of Matter 2
Thermodynamics 1
Electrochemistry 2
Surface chemistry 1
Solutions 2
Chemical Kinetics 2
Nuclear Chemistry 1
Mole concept 1
Atomic structure 1
lonic equilibrium 1
Inorganic Chemistry
Chapter No. of Questions
Chemical Bonding 5
s-block 2
p-block 3
d and f block 2
Metallurgy 2
Environmental chemistry 1
Coordination chemistry 2
Organic Chemistry
Chapter No. of Questions
Some basic principles and techniques 1
Hydrocarbons 4
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 2
Alcohol, Phenol and Ether 1
Carbonyl compound 3
Amine 2
Biomolecules 1
Polymers 1
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1

NEET Biology Topic Distribution

Biology is the game changer in the NEET examination and hence special emphasis has to be given when preparing for it. A total of 100 questions are asked from the NEET exam with 50 questions from Botany and Zoology.

The candidates preparing for the NEET exam can refer to the following table to get an idea of topic-wise distribution.

NEET Biology Topic Wise Distribution
Class XI
Unit Chapters Weightage(approximate)
I Diversity of Living Organisms 12%
II Structural Organisation in Plants & Animals 9%
III Cell: Structure and Function 8%
IV Plant Physiology 8%
V Human Physiology 16%
Class XII
Unit Chapters Weightage
VI Reproduction 11%
VII Genetics and Evolution 13%
VIII Biology and Human Welfare 9%
IX Biotechnology and its Applications 4%
X Ecology and Environment 10%

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Language Options

During the registration process for the NEET 2024 exam, it is important for aspirants to be aware of the available language options. The NEET 2024 exam is conducted in 13 different languages at various exam centers. However, the choice of language medium is subject to specific exam centers.

Here are some key points regarding the language choice in the NEET exam:
  • Candidates can select the question paper medium from the following
    Languages: English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, or Punjabi.
  • The selection of the language medium is made during the form-filling process.
  • Once the language medium is selected, it cannot be changed later by the candidate.
  • Candidates who choose English will receive the English test booklet only.
  • Candidates who opt for Hindi will be provided with a bilingual test booklet in Hindi and English.
  • Candidates who choose vernacular languages will receive a bilingual test booklet in the selected language and English.
  • In case of any ambiguity in the translation of a question, the English version will be considered final.

NEET Exam Pattern and Instructions For OMR Sheet

NEET aspirants should be familiar with the instructions for correctly filling out the NEET 2024 OMR sheet during the exam. Here are some guidelines on how to fill the NEET OMR sheet accurately:

  • As per the guidelines issued by NTA, use a ballpoint pen to mark all the answers in the NEET exam.
  • The authorities provide the ballpoint pen inside the exam hall.
  • All candidates must mark the test booklet code on the NEET OMR sheet 2024.
  • According to the NEET exam pattern, once the answers are marked on the OMR sheet, they cannot be erased.

Important Points to Remember while Choosing the Medium of NEET 2024

The candidates will be required to choose the following medium when choosing the language of the NEET exam.

  • The candidates have to choose their medium of NEET exam in the application form
  • The language once chosen by the candidate will be mentioned in the NEET examination
  • All the questions in the NEET question paper will be in English if the candidate chooses it
  • Whereas, those opting for another language will be given bilingual question paper

How to Avoid Negative Marking in the NEET Exam

NEET exam pattern has introduced a negative marking equal to 1 mark in the examination. Here are the ways in which it can be avoided:

  • Do not guess the answer in the NEET exam
  • If you don’t know any answer do not attempt it as no marks will be deducted for the wrong answer
  • Read the question carefully and then mark the option accordingly to escape negative marking

NEET Exam Pattern 2024, NEET Exam Duration Time

As per the NEET exam pattern 2024, the duration of the exam is 3 hours and 20 minutes. This is a composite duration and there will be no subject-wise sectional timing. Candidates can attempt the NEET question paper in the order they want.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024, Number of Questions

As per the NEET exam pattern, there will be 50 questions from each of the four subjects. There will be two sections in each subject, section A and section B. Section A will account for 35 questions and section B will have 15 questions. The candidates will have to attempt only 10 questions from section B.

NEET Exam Pattern, Difficulty Level of Question Paper

The candidates preparing for the NEET 2024 exam should go through the previous year’s exam analysis. This helps them to understand the topic-wise weightage and overall difficulty level. As per candidates, 170+ questions are considered a good attempt in the NEET exam.

NEET Exam Pattern, Difficulty Level of Question Paper
Details NEET 2024 Exam Analysis
NEET Overall Difficulty Level Easy to Moderate
Physics Difficulty Level Moderate
Chemistry Difficulty Level Tough
Biology Difficulty Level Easy but lengthy
Most Difficult Section Chemistry
Easiest Section Zoology and Botany
Difficult Section Chemistry and Botany
Topics with High Weightage in Physics Modern physics, electromagnetism, electrostatics, Optics, Mechanics
Topics with High Weightage in Chemistry Chemical bonding, Hydrocarbons, Inorganic Chemistry
Topics with High Weightage in Botany Biomolecules, Plant physiology, Reproduction
Topics with High Weightage in Zoology Human physiology, Reproduction, Human health & diseases
NEET 2024 Good Attempts 170+